Helsinki Negotiation is Stagnant
The Acheh Referendum Information Centre (SIRA)
Category: Acheh and Its Future
Unitary State (NKRI) and Independent Acheh”
failure to achieve a concrete agreement during negotiations between
the RI government and Free Acheh Movement Government (PNA/GAM) on January
29, 2005, at Helsinski, Finland, was the result of the parties too quickly
including political options in the negotiations. Whether Acheh will remain
with NKRI or become an Independent State is not an urgent problem that
must be resolved in this dialogue. On this occasion, the parties were not
supposed to put forward their political agendas because Acheh is still in
a traumatic situation and terrible condition.
If all parties try to understand and seriously realize the Achenese
suffering, this dialogue
would be able to bring about a positive result for the peace building
process. A cease fire should
be seen as a significant need for healing the Achenese affected by the
Tsunami, so they will not
continue to be frightened and traumatized.
The lack of a formal decision for a cease fire policy at the Helsinski
Negotiation definitely will
hamper aid distribution, recovery and Acheh's reconstruction process. War
disaster will dominate Acheh's situation post Helsinski dialogue. This
situation will leave the
Achenese even more distressed.
The parties were supposed to make the Helsinski negotiations part of a
process to end the armed conflict. A cessation of hostilities would open
space for the Achenese to be free from war.
A major factor in the failure of Helsinki was the lack of agreement
about the conflict's solution
within the Indonesian government. it was apparent that the Indonesian side
is not serious about
negotiations with PNA/GAM. This was seen even in the make -up of RI
delegation sent to
We hope there is no conflict inside the RI Government about the agreement
to meet again in
Helsinski. RI must resume this dialogue based on humanitarian interests,
democracy and peace, not political policy. Only then can the Negotiations
result in a positive policy.
On the other hand, the international community, especially the
United Nations (UN), has a significant role to force all parties to launch
re-negotiation and cease fire. Although the RI and UN still consider the
Acheh conflict as a internal problem, the Tsunami disaster and conflict
which cause great humanitarian problems cannot be handled by RI alone,
without a significant role from the international community.
Lastly, we call on the International Community, UN, United States, and
NGO’s to begin the reconstruction process for Acheh and pressure the
warring parties RI and PNA/GAM, launch A cease fire policy, because in a
war situation, its impossible to distribute humanitarian aid and implement
Acheh's reconstruction. This policy IS important to implement, in order
for the aid given not to be useless.
Thus, We hope our words will receive attention, and be considered for the
purpose of peace
building, Human Rights Implementation, Justice and Freedom for Achenese.
For more information on this report, please contact the Acheh
Referendum Information Centre (SIRA); Jln. T. Panglima Polem No. 13 A; Kp.
Laksana, Banda Acheh - Sumatra; Phone/Fax: +62-651-24043;